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artifact criteria


CRITERIA FOR IDENTIFICATION OF CAHUILLA ITEMS
SUBJECT TO REPATRIATION

III.   Context of Provenience
A. Site
    The site from which objects were retrieved may provide information that identifies them as belonging to one or more of the NAGPRA categories. Examples of such sites include burial sites and cemeteries; sacred, ritual, rock art and solstice sites; ceremonial house sites, etc.
     
B. Associated Items
    The items with which an object was found may indicate that it meets the criteria of NAGPRA categories. If the same object were found as an isolate, it may be merely a utilitarian item. For example, a small mortar and pestle found with crystals and pigments indicates that it was used for ceremonial purposes. A mortar and pestle found alone provides no information to indicate sacred or ceremonial purpose.
     
  C. Attributes
1. Materials - eagle feathers
2. Size - small mortars and pestles
3. Design - gaming basketry tray
4. Motifs - bats in baskets
5. Ownership - names of specific individuals, titles and roles (paxaa, net, shaman, etc.)
6. Other

This Document is not necessarily all-inclusive and other items may also meet NAGPRA guidelines.

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